Ciclo: 34
Curriculum/Indirizzo: Epistemologico
Sede: UPO
Convenzione: CSP

Tutor: Benzi Margherita
Supervisor: Crupi Vincenzo


Progetto: Efficient Rationality as a Solution to Relevance Uncertainty in Decision Theory.


  • London School of Economics: Philosophy of Science (MSc). Pass with Distinction.
  • Università degli Studi di Siena: Linguistics and Cognitive Studies (MSc). 110/110L.
  • Università degli Studi di Firenze: Lettere Antiche (BA). 110/110L.

Visiting positions:

  • Erasmus Institute for Philosophy and Economics (EIPE).
  • Université de Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne): Erasmus for research.
  • Université de Liège: Erasmus for studies.

Teaching Experience:

  • Università di Torino: Ellsberg's Paradox.
  • Università del Piemonte Orientale: Introduction to Social Choice Theory.
  • Università di Siena: Student Tutor and Advisor.
  • Anelli Mancanti: Italian L2 to adults from migrant backgrounds.
  • Private Tutoring: Italian (L1 - L2), English L2, Latin.

Linguistic Competences:

  • Italian: Mother tongue
  • English: IELTS 8.0
  • French: DALF C1




Selected Talks:

  • Three objections to evidence-based policy – The positive and the normative in economic thought (Paris).
  • Normative uncertainties in evidence-based policy – ENPOSS 2020 (Toulouse).
  • Relevance in Decision Theory – ECAP10 congress (Utrecht).
  • Relevance Uncertainty in Savage's Expected Utility Theory  Summer School in Economic Behaviours: Models, Measurements, and Policies (Como).
  • Narratives and the Normativity of the Rational Agent – SIFA Midterm Conference on Fiction and Imagination (Turin).
  • Voting on Mandatory Vaccinations: A Contextualisation of the Legitimacy of Referendums – Conference of the Women in Philosophy (Groningen).
  • Scienza e Democrazia – L'Ornitorinco Laboratorio Culturale (Turin).

Selcted Conferences:

  • Università degli Studi di Torino: Formal Epistemology Workshop. FEW 2019.
  • Università degli Studi di Torino: New Perspectives on the Cognitive Penetrability of Perception.Turin-Bochum joint workshop.
  • London School of Economics: Preference-based Modelling in Economics. Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Sciences.
  • University of London: Inaugural Political Epistemology Conference. Political Epistemology Network.
  • Università degli Studi di Torino: Models of Explanation. 11th MuST Conference in Philosophy of Science.
  • Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München: The Semantics of Theories. MCMP - Munich Centre for the Philosophy of Mathematics.

Research Interests:

  • Decision Theory: economic rationality, problem framing.
  • Social Choice Theory: group epistemology, political legitimacy.
  • Philosophy of Economics: unrealistic assumptions, normative arguments.
  • Philosophy of Science: explanatory relevance, values in science.


  • Ongaro, M. (2021). Uncertain policy decisions during the COVID-19 pandemic. EJPE 14(1), 128-137. 
  • Ongaro, M. (2021). Making policy decisions under plural uncertainty: responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. HPLS 43: 56.
  • Ongaro, M. (2021). The notion of probability in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Wittgenstein-Studien, 12(1), 131-144.
  • Ongaro, M. (2020). Fiction, imagination, and normative rationality. Argumenta 6(1), 135-146.
  • Ongaro, M. (2019). J. S. Mill' s plural voting system and the epistemic defence of democracy. Rerum Causae, 10(1), 7–16.


First Year Report

Third Year Report